General Dentistry: Dental Treatment Procedures
Dental Essence offers residents of Essendon and surrounding suburbs a comprehensive variety of general dentistry services. Our qualified and experienced team can assist you with:
Technology has developed a lot over the years; in recent dental procedures we no longer need to place the unsightly silver fillings on to our teeth. Composite Restorations, also known as White Fillings, are used to restore chipped teeth, decayed teeth and replace amalgam fillings.
Firstly the old fillings need to be replaced and/or the decay needs to be removed. The filling material is then placed into the area. A curing light is then placed over the material and within 20-40 seconds the material has hardened and set. Once that process is complete the filling is then polished, trimmed and shaped, making it appealing and comfortable for the patient.
Before making a decision, the dentist at Dental Essence will discuss alternatives to composite resin such as Amalgams or Porcelain Filling (Cerec) material and you can then make a choice as to which one is most suited to you.
The Advantages are:
- Less tooth structure is removed
- More appealing than amalgam fillings
- One visit required
The Disadvantages are:
- Not as strong as porcelain
- Tooth needs to be kept isolated/ dry
- May discolour with time
- May wear down with time
Gum disease (periodontitis) is a bacterial infection of the gums and bone around teeth. It is often caused by a build-up of plaque and tartar on your teeth and around the gums. The most common signs of gum disease are red, swollen and bleeding gums and bad breath.
The early stage is called Gingivitis, where redness and swelling of the gums are present.
Treatment for gingivitis requires just a normal routine clean to remove plaque and tartar above the gums. However prolonged lack of care and treatment will lead to a more advanced type of gum disease known as Periodontitis.
As periodontitis progresses, the tartar starts forming underneath the gums and starts causing bone loss around the gums and teeth. That is why it’s imperative to remove this tartar that occurs underneath your gums by root planing (professional gum cleaning underneath your gums) as a normal routine clean will not remove the infectious debris.
If gum disease is left untreated it could result in receding gums, bad breath and taste in the mouth, bone loss and the possibility of losing teeth. This disease is a slow painless disease and often runs in the family and is not noticed until a tooth is mobile.
New research has linked Periodontitis with other systemic diseases such as heart disease and stroke, smoking, diabetes and immune system disorders. Regular check-ups and cleans at your dentist is advisable as early intervention and dental treatment will ensure healthy teeth and gums.
Are you experiencing clenching, grinding, clicking or popping noises from the jaw joints? Perhaps you feel pain when chewing, yawning or opening the jaw widely, pain in and around the ears and cheeks, headaches or migraines, face neck and shoulder pain or even toothaches. If you are, you may be suffering from ‘Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome’, or TMJ.
This joint is located near ears. You can feel it by placing your fingers just in front of each ear then opening and closing your mouth. This joint allows movement of up and down, side to side and backwards and forwards motions. All of which contribute to our everyday talking, eating, chewing and biting.
There are various ways to treat the above symptoms, but the most important is to visit your dentist to make an accurate diagnosis.
Relaxing your jaw, exercises, massages, warm and cold packs can help treat the discomfort you may be experiencing.
Splint/guard known as an occlusal splint can be custom made to relieve the discomfort. This splint is worn at night over your teeth to avoid clenching or grinding and eases the jaw joints.
If your tooth suffers a bacterial infection and that bacteria has reached the nerve tissue inside the tooth, you’ll often experience an intense pain. To alleviate this pain, a dentist will either extract the tooth or attempt to save it with a Root Canal Treatment. The dentist will remove the damaged and infected pulp, clean out the canal, enlarge then shape them. Antibacterials are placed inside the root canals to help stop the infection and inflammation. Once the bacterial infections are gone the root canals are filled and restored.
Several visits are needed to complete the treatment.
Once completed it is recommended that the molar teeth are crowned to protect them from breaking or fracturing as a root canal treated tooth is weakened.
The following are common symptoms that you may experience following a root canal procedure, all of which can linger for some time:
- Sensitivity to hot and cold liquids
- sensitivity to sweets
- pressure when biting
- severe tooth ache
- aching that wakes you up at night
- swelling around the area
It is advisable that if any or all of the above symptoms occur visit your dentist as soon as possible. These are the obvious signs that the nerve in side your tooth is infected or damaged.
Your dentist will make a diagnosis by checking the teeth, tapping, and placing air around the area also taking X-rays to determine the appropriate treatment needed. There are some times when a root canal is not the best course of treatment for a tooth and it needs to be extracted. Our dentist will then explain to you the options that are available.
Crowns are coverings over the top of our teeth, made up of strong porcelain and gold alloy. They are used to restore broken and fractured teeth. This particular process takes two visits, usually two weeks apart. However a new advanced concept is available at Dental Essence that allows crowns to be manufactured in one visit. This process is called Cerec, which is a computer aided design and computer aided manufactured (CAD/CAM) procedure. Basically the crown is formed using a computer and a milling machine.
Like your previous crowns the tooth is still prepared, shaped and trimmed, but an optical 3D image is taken of your tooth and opposing teeth using a camera connected to the computer. The image is processed creating a crown on the screen, once the dentist is satisfied with the margins and shape, a shade is selected. The image on screen is then transferred to the milling machine which will cut the crown using a single porcelain block.
This technology is not only used for the manufacturing of crowns but also for restorations as well.
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